martes, 16 de octubre de 2018
Australia: comunicado oficial de prensa sugiere trasladar embajada a Jerusalén
artículo de la BBC
En un comunicado oficial dado a conocer este 16 de octubre (véase enlace oficial), la Oficina del Primer Ministro australiano ha dado a entender que está considerando trasladar su embajada de Tel Aviv hacia Jerusalén, al declarar que:
"... the Government will carefully examine the arguments put forward by Australia's former Ambassador to Israel, Dave Sharma, that we should consider recognising Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, without prejudice to its final boundaries, while acknowledging East Jerusalem as the expected capital of a future Palestinian state. Specifically, the Government will examine the merits of moving Australia’s embassy to West Jerusalem, in the context of our support for a two-state solution. Any decision will be subject to a rigorous assessment of the potential impact of such a move on our broader national interests".
Como se recordará, Estados Unidos anunció en diciembre del 2017 que trasladaría su sede diplomática a Jerusalén, un acto que fue materializado en mayo del 2018, y que únicamente fue seguido por Guatemala y por Paraguay. En setiembre del 2018, Paraguay procedió a restablecer su embajada en Tel Aviv, dejando a Estados Unidos y a Guatemala como los dos únicos Estados miembros de Naciones Unidas en tener a su representante oficial ubicado en la Ciudad Santa (de los 193 Estados que integran a Naciones Unidas).
El pasado 28 de setiembre, Palestina presentó formalmente una demanda contra Estados Unidos ante el juez internacional, que tuvimos la oportunidad de analizar (véase nuestro artículo titulado "La reciente demanda de Palestina contra Estados Unidos ante la Corte Internacional de Justicia (CIJ): breves apuntes", publicado en el sitio de Ius360).
El comunicado oficial de Australia ha provocado, como era previsible, una inmediata reacción por parte de Palestina (véase artículo de The Guardian).El comunicado oficial de Palestina se lee de la siguiente manera (véase enlace oficial):
Press Statement by Minister Riad Malki on Australian Reallocation of Assistance to Palestine
"The Palestinian government takes note of Australia’s predictable position of tailing the Israeli right wing agenda in hostility against Palestinian rights by using the social safety net provided to the families of Palestinian prisoners as pretext to reallocate its aid to Palestine. This position coming from the current Australian government is unfortunately not surprising, as it has consistently and shamelessly failed to meet its obligations under international law in relation to Palestinian rights and Israel’s systematic violations and abuse of international law. It also consistently opposes the application of international law in relation to Palestinian rights.
As such, the current Australian government’s announcement was one more step reaffirming its investment in the war agenda of the current Israeli government and divestment from the principles and values of international law as they relate to the Palestinian people. The Australian Foreign Minister’s farcical claim that this action advances peace provides further evidence of how detached from reality and international law this position is.
Palestine condemns the current Australian government’s double talk. This government has no moral or legal problem signing contracts worth oes not intimidate the Palestinian government. We will continue to fulfill our obligations towards all our citizens, who have bravely and proudly persisted despite half a century of Israeli colonial occupation, persecution, and racial discrimination. Palestine will also continue to work with human rights advocates and principled voices of peace in Australia to advance the cause of peace and dignity as well as our peoples’ mutual commitment to human rights and international law".
El texto del comunicado oficial de Australia que originó la reacción de Palestina, y que posiblemente de lugar a otras reacciones, se lee así (texto integral reproducido):
" The Australian Government has today made a number of important announcements in support of Australia’s interests in the Middle East and our continuing support for a durable and resilient two-state solution. As a package, these announcements reinforce our commitment to efforts towards resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, further strengthen our valuable relationship with Israel, and will review Australia’s policy in relation to Iran’s nuclear program.
In making these announcements, the Government underlines its enduring commitment to the Middle East Peace Process, and to a two-state solution that allows Israel and a future Palestinian state to exist side-by-side, in peace and security, within internationally recognised borders. We will continue to encourage both sides to continue dialogue and negotiations towards a peaceful settlement. The Government reaffirms its commitment to constructive engagement with Iran.
First, Australia will vote no in the upcoming UN General Assembly resolution on the Palestinian Authority chairing the G77. This draft resolution seeks to confer an official status on the Palestinian Authority it does not have, and therefore has the potential to undermine efforts to bring parties together to work towards a peaceful settlement.
Second, the Government will carefully examine the arguments put forward by Australia's former Ambassador to Israel, Dave Sharma, that we should consider recognising Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, without prejudice to its final boundaries, while acknowledging East Jerusalem as the expected capital of a future Palestinian state. Specifically, the Government will examine the merits of moving Australia’s embassy to West Jerusalem, in the context of our support for a two-state solution. Any decision will be subject to a rigorous assessment of the potential impact of such a move on our broader national interests.
Third, given Australia’s increased engagement with Israel on defence and security matters, the Government will appoint a resident Australian Defence Attaché in Tel Aviv and has invited Israel to appoint its own resident Defence Attaché in Canberra.
Fourth, the Government will review, without prejudice, Australia's approach to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), to determine whether our current policy settings remain fit for purpose. The review will reassess whether the Plan remains the best vehicle to address the international community’s concerns about Iran’s nuclear ambitions. The Government aims to finalise and announce the findings of this review by December this year".
Posted by Curso de Derecho Internacional. Costa Rica at 9:35